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Portbury Wharf Plants

Wild Flowers, Plants and Trees

Portbury Wharf plants can be stunningly beautiful. They are also vital to the ecosystem being an important source of food and shelter for all sorts of wildlife.

At Portbury Wharf wild flowers grow around the ponds and along the banks of the rhynes and there is a flower meadow in the Sanctuary. As it is a predominantly wetland habitat, plants that prefer this sort of environment thrive here.  Though don’t overlook the hedgerows which are home to many pollen and berry producing trees and plants. Where you see flowers and berries you may also see wildlife, so look closely.

 This is just the beginning of a list of Portbury Wharf Plants. So we will keep adding to this page to build up a comprehensive list of the plants here. 

Page updated 4 October 2019

When it flowers
Comment
 
Hedge Bedstraw
Hedge Bedstraw
Flowers Sept-Nov

Berries Nov-Apr

Ivy (Hedera Helix) an evergreen ecosystem

This is a very important plant for wildlife providing shelter and food in autumn and winter!

Ivy is so important it has its own page . . .read more

Knapweed
Ladies Bedstraw
Meadowsweet
Melilot
Pyramid Orchid
Orchids
Photographed on the reserve in October along Water Vole Lane
Flowers June to Sept/Oct
Ox-eye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Ox-eye daisy or Moon Daisy is a familiar and attractive grassland perennial. It grows up to 60 cm and has large white flowers from June. It is our largest native member of the daisy family and thought to be the origin of the children’s petal-pulling game “loves me, loves me not”.

. . . read more
Each flower produces a lot of pollen so it is very attractive to bees, butterflies, moths, hoverflies and many others which feed on its nectar and pollen. It spreads by shallow, creeping rhizomes and seeds.

A mature plant can produce up to 26,000 seeds which can remain viable for many years. So it has the ability to spread relatively easily and as a result is considered invasive in more than 40 countries.

Reference and further reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leucanthemum_vulgare

Photographed on the reserve in October along Water Vole Lane
Dog Rose (Rosa canina)

Look out for the bright red rose hips in the autumn hedgerows. They are the seed pods of the wild Dog-rose. It has sweetly scented pink or white flowers that appear in June and July with rose hips ripening in autumn.

. . . read more
They are very rich in vitamin C, apparently one of the richest sources of any plant. Said to have 20 times more vitamin C than an orange. Not surprisingly they are popular with birds such as blackbirds, thrushes, redwings and fieldfares. While they may be a bit of a mouthful for smaller birds like finches they may still eat the seeds. But of course it is not just birds that benefit from this harvest.  Rabbits, squirrels and smaller mammals like voles will also take advantage of this nutritious food.

Did you know?
  • Dog-rose is the county flower of Hampshire
  • It was once believed the root was a cure for the bite of a mad dog hence its name.

Reference and further reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_canina 

St Johns Wort
Teasel
Photographed on the reserve in October along Water Vole Lane
May to November

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Height 20cm to 1m. Flowers have strong sweet scent. Food source for many beneficial insects.  Attracts predatory insects such as ladybirds and hover flies which eat pests, so used as a companion plant. Birds such as starlings line their nests with yarrow. So all in all a great plant for wildlife.

Reference and further reading https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achillea_millefolium

Yellow Meadow Vetchling